The National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and BioEngineering is the newest of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) research institutes. The act establishing the NIBIB was signed into law by President William Clinton on December 29, 2000.

Mission
The mission of the NIBIB is to “improve health by promoting fundamental discoveries, design and development, and translation and assessment of technological capabilities. The Institute coordinates with biomedical imaging and bioengineering programs of other agencies and NIH institutes to support imaging and engineering research with potential medical applications and facilitates the transfer of such technologies to medical applications.”

Activities
In support of its mission, the NIBIB will:

  • Support research & training through existing NIH funding mechanisms, and take the lead in exploring novel approaches for funding technology development and interdisciplinary research.
  • Form partnerships with NIH Institutes & Centers to translate fundamental discoveries into research and applications for specific diseases, disorders, or biological processes.
  • Coordinate with other government agencies to translate fundamental or crosscutting discoveries and developments in imaging and engineering, and related areas of information science and technology assessment, into biomedical applications.
  • Encourage and support the development of relevant standards and guidelines that will enable widespread adaptability for biomedical imaginig, bioengineering, and related information science and technology and computation, by taking a leadership role and coordinating role for the NIH.

The NIBIB and Aphasia
The NIBIB is the leading federal agency regarding the field of neuroimaging. The NIH recently held workshops on the effectiveness of neuroimaging technology as a tool for the rehabilitation and recovery efforts of aphasia sufferers. In January 2003, the NIBIB partnered with the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) to sponsor a mulit-million dollar research program to officially study the impact of neuroimaging on these rehabilitation and recovery efforts.